Why Are Wetlands Important? 

 Water Quality - Wetlands Function to Clean Water
  • Wetlands function to clean water by filtering out sediment and decomposing vegetation, and by converting chemicals and pollutants into non-volatile useable forms.
  • Wetlands have an important influence on the recharge and discharge of groundwater, which is an important drinking water supply.
  • The ability of wetlands to recycle nutrients and purify water makes them critical in the overall functioning of the earth's ecosystems.

Flooding - Wetlands Reduce Flooding 
  • Wetlands provide flood control by functioning like big sponges.
  • Wetland slow down and absorb excess water during high water events.  When water levels are low, wetlands slowly release water.  This function of wetlands reduces flooding and shoreline erosion downstream.

Habitat - Wetlands Provide Important Habitat 
Willamette Valley Daisy (Endangered Species) 
  • Wetlands provide food and habitat for fish and wildlife.
  • Wetlands are vital to the survival of many threatened and endangered species in Lane County.
  • Lane County’s wetland mitigation sites provide an important refuge for waterfowl, wading birds, shorebirds, songbirds, and raptors.

Education & Recreation -
Wetlands Are Important Community Landscapes
  • Wetlands serve as excellent outdoor classrooms, providing opportunities for discovery and living examples of nearly all ecological principles.
  • Fishing, hiking, bird-watching and photography are some of the activities enjoyed in wetland habitats.